Research Notes Jalen

From the book The Theory and Science of Basketball

The game of basketball had its origin in Springfield Massachusetts, at the International YMCA training school,in 1891. It is important that Dr.James Naismith, the inventor of the game, was seeking a means as an instructor at the school to his interest his class of business men in physical exercise.The business men were uninterested and didn't want to participate in exercise and calisthenics. Finally almost in desperation, Naismith invented a game which combined some elements of soccer, and rugby football into a new game.the new game was to involve no personal contact among players and to make use of an elevated goal. One of the men named the game at his very first experience with it and it held their interest from the start. From this beginning, the game spread so rapidly that by 1920 it had become a national pastime.

From Page 5

From the book Pioneers of the Hardwood

Naismith trumpeted the virtues of a new recreational past time he had created the previous winter. This new game required that McKay and his classmates divide into two equal teams, as Naismith threw a soccer ball into an area of play. Each team's objective was to successfully pitch the ball into a makeshift peach-basket goal that hung from a railing above the gymnasium floor. The activity proved to be popular among members of the group. Naismith received many requests to reprint the original rules of his game so that similar contests could be staged in YMCA's throughout the country. Nicholas McKay was, no doubt, impressed by this new competition a game Naismith simply called 'Basketball.'

From Pages 1 & 2

From the book The Sports Encyclopedia: Pro Basketball

The Cold early winter of December, 1891 underlined a flaw in the curriculum to James Naismith, a thirty-year-old physical education instructor at the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. Naismith's gym class enthusiastically followed the fall program of football and other outdoor games, but his students found the indoor program of calisthenics and gymnastic activities a crashing bore. Faced with fading interest in his class, Naismith put his mind to developing a new game for the indoor winter season. After various elements through his mind, he had wooden peach baskets nailed onto balcony railings at two ends of the gym, divided his 18-man class into two nine man teams, gave the players a soccer ball, provided a loose set of rules which made throwing the ball into the baskets the idea of the game.Thus did Naismith become the father of basketball and Springfield its birthplace.

From Page 9

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