Modified Craap Test

Annotated Bib Evaluation Criteria

Currency: The timeliness of the information.

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Does this topic require fairly current information? Is this current enough to be helpful for us?

Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

  • Does the information relate to your topic? (in the case of Dr. Pearson's lecture on Humane Societies, does it help our understanding of non-profits?)
  • Who is the intended audience?

Authority: The source of the information.

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? (examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net)

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.

  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?

Purpose: The reason the information exists.

  • What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
  • Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
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